What is the Unesco’s World Heritage?
In this spirit, the UNESCO has developed many projects to bring states together around common values. Thus, in 1978, the notion of “World Heritage of Humanity” was introduced to promote places of exceptional value, beyond national borders. Since then, nearly 1,100 places have been included on this list, such as Mont Saint-Michel, the city of Venice, the Taj Mahal and the Great Wall of China.
Source : http://www.assofrance-patrimoinemondial.org
To promote and protect them, the World Heritage List included this notion of “Cultural Landscapes” in its criteria for admission in 1992.
Thus, in 1999, the Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion was the first vineyard in the world to be listed as a cultural landscape.